vSphere 4 VCP Exam Blueprint Study Notes

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Section 1 – Plan, Install and Upgrade VMware ESX/ESXi

Objective 1.1 — Install VMware ESX/ESXi on local storage
Knowledge

  • Identify minimum hardware requirements
  • Download, prepare and validate installation media
  • Determine appropriate ESX/ESXi configuration in a given situation
  • Obtain required information for environment
  • Verify hardware against the VMware Hardware Compatibility Guide
  • Perform a custom installation
  • Customize storage layout for given situations
  • Configure ESXi from the direct console
  • Configure ESX/ESXi NTP
  • Manage ESX/ESXi licensing
  • Compare/Contrast VMware vSphere editions
  • Manage license keys

Tools

  • VMware Hardware Compatibility Guide
  • Product documentation
  • VMware Virtualization Toolkit

Objective 1.2 – Upgrade VMware ESX/ESXi
Knowledge

  • Plan a VMware vSphere upgrade
  • Backup/Restore ESX/ESXi host configuration
  • Understand Virtual Machine backup options
  • Determine if existing hardware meets upgrade requirements
  • Understand VMware ESX/ESXi upgrade scenarios
  • Perform upgrade to ESX 4.0
  • Upgrade VMware ESX/ESXi
  • Upgrade virtual machine hardware
  • Upgrade VMware Tools
  • Verify success of upgrade
  • Understand upgrade roll back options ©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved May 2009 Page 2

Tools

  • vSphere Host Update Utility
  • vCenter Update Manager
  • esxupdate

Objective 1.3 – Secure VMware ESX/ESXi
Knowledge

  • Identify default security principles
  • Understand Service Console firewall operation
  • Service Console Security Level
  • Opening/Closing ports in the firewall using the vSphere Client
  • Set up user/group accounts
  • Determine applications needed for accessing the service console in a given scenario

Tools

  • vSphere Client
  • Product documentation

Objective 1.4 – Install VMware ESX/ESXi on SAN Storage
Knowledge

  • Configure LUN Masking
  • Prepare SAN
  • Configure FC or iSCSI HBA BIOS
  • Enable BIOS
  • Select Boot LUN
  • Install VMware ESX/ESXi
  • Determine boot LUN size in a given situation

Tools

  • FC or iSCSI HBA BIOS Tools
  • FC SAN Configuration Guide
  • iSCSI SAN Configuration Guide
  • Product documentation

Objective 1.5 – Identify vSphere Architecture and Solutions
Knowledge

  • Differentiate VMware platform products and editions
  • Understand the various datacenter solutions (View, SRM, Lab Manager, etc.)
  • Explain ESX/ESXi architecture
  • Compare and contrast bare metal vs. hosted architecture

Tools

  • Product Documentation
  • VMware vSphere Editions Comparison Chart

Section 2 – Configure ESX/ESXi Networking

Objective 2.1 – Configure Virtual Switches
Knowledge

  • Understand Virtual Switch and ESX/ESXi NIC and port maximums
  • Determine the vSwitch NIC teaming policy in a given situation
  • Determine the appropriate vSwitch security policies in a given situation
  • Create/Delete Virtual Switches
  • Create Ports/Port Groups
  • Assign Physical Adapters
  • Modify vSwitch NIC Teaming and failover policies
  • Modify vSwitch security policy and VLAN settings
  • Configure VMotion

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • VMware vSphere Client

Objective 2.2 – Configure vNetwork Distributed Switches
Knowledge

  • Understand ESX Host and port maximums for dvSwitches
  • Determine the virtual port group NIC teaming and fail-over policy in a given situation
  • Determine the appropriate virtual port group security policies in a given situation
  • Create/Modify a vNetwork Distributed Switch
  • Create/Modify Uplink Group settings
  • Create/Modify dvPort Group settings
  • Add an ESX/ESXi Host to a vNetwork Distributed Switch
  • Add/Delete a VMkernel dvPort
  • Migrate Virtual Machines to a vNetwork Distributed Switch

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • VMware vSphere Client

Objective 2.3 – Configure VMware ESX/ESXi Management Network
Knowledge

  • Modify Service Console IP Settings
  • Configure Service Console availability
  • Configure DNS and Routing settings for an ESX Host

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • VMware vSphere Client

Section 3 – Configure ESX/ESXi Storage

Objective 3.1 – Configure FC SAN Storage
Knowledge

  • Identify FC SAN hardware components
  • Identify how ESX Server connections are made to FC SAN storage
  • Describe ESX Server FC SAN storage addressing
  • Describe the concepts of zoning and LUN masking
  • Configure LUN masking
  • Scan for new LUNs
  • Determine and configure the appropriate multi-pathing policy
  • Differentiate between NMP and third-party MPP

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • FC SAN Configuration Guide
  • VMware vSphere Client

Objective 3.2 – Configure iSCSI SAN Storage
Knowledge

  • Identify iSCSI SAN hardware components
  • Determine use cases for hardware vs. software iSCSI initiators
  • Configure the iSCSI Software Initiator
  • Configure Dynamic/Static Discovery
  • Configure CHAP Authentication
  • Configure VMkernel port binding for iSCSI Software multi-pathing
  • Discover LUNs
  • Identify iSCSI addressing in the context of the host

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • iSCSI SAN Configuration Guide
  • VMware vSphere Client
  • esxcli

Objective 3.3 – Configure NFS Datastores
Knowledge

  • Identify the NFS hardware components
  • Explain ESX exclusivity for NFS mounts
  • Configure ESX/ESXi network connectivity to the NAS device
  • Create an NFS Datastore

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • VMware vSphere Client

Objective 3.4 – Configure and Manage VMFS Datastores
Knowledge

  • Identify VMFS file system attributes
  • Determine the appropriate Datastore location/configuration for given virtual machines
  • Determine use cases for multiple VMFS Datastores
  • Create/Configure VMFS Datastores
  • Attach existing Datastore to new ESX host
  • Manage VMFS Datastores
  • Group/Unmount/Delete Datastores
  • Grow VMFS volumes

Tools

  • • Product documentation
  • • VMware vSphere Client

Section 4 – Install and Configure vCenter Server

Objective 4.1 – Install vCenter Server
Knowledge

  • Identify hardware requirements
  • Understand configuration maximums
  • Determine availability requirements for a vCenter server in a given situation
  • Determine appropriate vCenter Server edition
  • Determine database size requirements
  • Prepare/Configure vCenter Server database
  • Install vCenter Server using downloaded installer ©VMware, Inc. All rights reserved May 2009 Page 7
  • Install additional modules
  • vCenter Guided Consolidation
  • vCenter Update Manager
  • vCenter Converter
  • Determine use case for vCenter Linked Mode Groups

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • Database Sizing Tool/Calculators

Objective 4.2 – Manage vSphere Client plug-ins
Knowledge

  • Identify available plug-ins
  • Determine required plug-ins for a given application
  • Ensure permissions to install plug-ins
  • Enable plug-ins after installation

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 4.3 – Configure vCenter Server
Knowledge

  • Identify the vCenter Server managed ESX Hosts and Virtual Machine maximums
  • Join ESX/ESXi Hosts to vCenter Server
  • Configure Guest OS Customization
  • Use datacenters and folders to organize the environment
  • Configure/Use Scheduled Tasks
  • Configure/Use Resource Maps
  • Use Storage Reports/Storage Maps
  • View/Manage Events
  • Configure vCenter Server settings
  • Configure vSphere Client settings

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 4.4 – Configure Access Control
Knowledge

  • Create/Modify user permissions in vCenter
  • Create/Modify user permissions in ESX Server
  • Restrict access to vCenter inventory objects
  • Define vCenter predefined roles and their privileges
  • Create/Clone Edit roles
  • Assign roles to users and groups
  • Describe how privileges propagate
  • Understand permissions as applied to user and group combinations

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Section 5 – Deploy and Manage Virtual Machines and vApps

Objective 5.1 – Create and Deploy Virtual Machines
Knowledge

  • Understand virtual machine hardware maximums
  • Create a virtual machine
  • Determine appropriate SCSI adapter
  • Determine Virtual Disk type
  • Install/Upgrade/Configure VMware Tools
  • Create/Convert templates
  • Customize Windows/Linux virtual machines
  • Manage Customization Specifications
  • Deploy a virtual machine from a template
  • Deploy a virtual machine using VMware vCenter Converter Enterprise
  • Perform a Hot Clone
  • Perform a Cold Clone
  • Perform System Reconfiguration
  • Deploy a virtual machine using Guided Consolidation
  • Perform Discovery
  • Analyze discovered virtual machines
  • Consolidate selected virtual machines
  • Clone a virtual machine
  • Import a virtual machine from a file/folder

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 5.2 – Manage Virtual Machines
Knowledge

  • Configure/Modify virtual machines
  • Add/Hot Add virtual machine hardware
  • Grow virtual machine disks
  • Determine appropriate disk format
  • Connect virtual machines to devices
  • Configure virtual machine options
  • General Options
  • Advanced Options
  • Power Management OptionsVMware Tools Options
  • Configure appropriate virtual machine resource settings

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 5.3 – Deploy vApps
Knowledge

  • Determine whether a vApp is appropriate for a given situation
  • Define Open Virtual Machine Format (OVF)
  • Import/Export a Virtual Appliance
  • Build a vApp
  • Create/Add virtual machines to a vApp
  • Edit vApp Properties
  • Export vApps
  • Clone a vApp

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client
  • OVF Tool

Section 6 – Manage Compliance

Objective 6.1 – Install, Configure and Manage VMware vCenter Update Manager
Knowledge

  • Determine installation requirements and database sizing
  • Install Update Manager Server and Client components
  • Configure update manager settings
  • Configure patch download options
  • Create baselines
  • Attach baselines to vCenter inventory objects
  • Scan ESX hosts and virtual machines
  • Remediate ESX hosts and virtual machines
  • Stage ESX/ESXi Host updates
  • Analyze compliance information from a scan

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • Update Manager Database Sizing Tools

Objective 6.2 – Establish and Apply ESX Host Profiles
Knowledge

  • Create/Delete Host Profiles
  • Import/Export Host Profiles
  • Edit Host Profile Policies
  • Associate an ESX host with a host profile
  • Check for Compliance
  • Apply Host Profiles
  • Analyze configuration compliance information from a scan

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Section 7 – Establish Service Levels

Objective 7.1 – Create and Configure VMware Clusters
Knowledge

  • Create new cluster
  • Add ESX/ESXi hosts to a cluster
  • Configure High Availability basic/advanced settings
  • Enable/Configure VM Monitoring
  • Configure Distributed Resource Scheduler basic/advanced settings
  • Configure Distributed Power Management
  • Configure Enhanced VMotion Compatibility
  • Configure swap file location
  • Analyze HA host failure capacity requirements
  • Analyze HA admission control
  • Determine use cases for DRS automation levels and migration thresholds
  • Determine use cases for DPM policies

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 7.2 – Enable a Fault Tolerant Virtual Machine
Knowledge

  • Identify FT restrictions
  • Evaluate FT use cases
  • Set up an FT network
  • Verify requirements of operating environment
  • Enable FT for a virtual machine
  • Test an FT configuration
  • Upgrade ESX hosts containing FT virtual machines

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 7.3 – Create and Configure Resource Pools
Knowledge

  • Determine Resource Pool requirements for a given situation
  • Evaluate appropriate shares, reservations, and limits in a given situation
  • Evaluate virtual machines for a given Resource Pool
  • Create Resource Pools
  • Set CPU resource shares/reservations/limits
  • Set memory resource shares/reservations/limits
  • Define Expandable Reservation
  • Add virtual machines to pool
  • Describe resource pool hierarchy

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 7.4 – Migrate Virtual Machines
Knowledge

  • Identify compatibility requirements
  • Cite the three methods of virtual machine migration
  • Understand/Apply
  • Determine migration use cases
  • Compare and contrast migration technologies
  • Migrate a virtual machine using VMotion
  • Migrate a virtual machine using Storage VMotion
  • Cold migrate a virtual machine

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 7.5 – Backup and Restore Virtual Machines
Knowledge

  • Describe different back-up/restore procedures and strategies
  • Create/Delete/Restore Snapshots
  • Install Backup and Recovery Appliance
  • Install vCenter Data Recovery plug-in
  • Create a backup job with vCenter Data Recovery
  • Perform full VM/file-level restore with vCenter Data Recovery

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client
  • Backup and Recovery Appliance

Section 8 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting and Alarm Management

Objective 8.1 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for ESX/ESXi Hosts
Knowledge

  • Understand general ESX Server troubleshooting guidelines
  • Troubleshoot common installation issues
  • Monitor ESX Server system health
  • Understand how to export diagnostic data

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 8.2 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for VMware FT and Third-Party Clusters
Knowledge

  • Analyze and evaluate VM population for maintenance mode considerations
  • Understand manual Third-Party failover/failback processes
  • Troubleshoot Fault Tolerance partial or unexpected failovers

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 8.3 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for Networking
Knowledge

  • Verify VM is connected to the correct port group
  • Verify port group settings are correct
  • Verify that the network adaptor is connected within the VM
  • Verify VM network adaptor settings
  • Verify physical network adaptor settings
  • Verify vSphere network management settings

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client
  • ping, vmkping, tcpdump, nslookup

Objective 8.4 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for Storage
Knowledge

  • Identify storage contention issues
  • Identify storage over-commitment issues
  • Identify storage connectivity issues
  • Identify iSCSI software initiator configuration issues
  • Interpret Storage Reports and Storage Maps

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • FC SAN Configuration Guide
  • iSCSI SAN Configuration Guide
  • vSphere Client

Objective 8.5 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for HA/DRS and VMotion
Knowledge

  • Explain the requirements of HA/DRS and VMotion
  • Verify VMotion functionality
  • Verify DNS settings
  • Verify the service console network functionality
  • Interpret the DRS Resource Distribution Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation
  • Troubleshoot VMotion using topology maps
  • Troubleshoot HA capacity issues
  • Troubleshoot HA redundancy issues

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client
  • DRS Resource Distribution Graph
  • Topology Maps
  • cpuid, ping, vmkping

Objective 8.6 – Create and Respond to vCenter Connectivity Alarms
Knowledge

  • List vCenter default connectivity alarms
  • List possible actions for connectivity alarms
  • For a given alarm, analyze and evaluate the affected virtual infrastructure components
  • Create a vCenter connectivity alarm
  • Relate the alarm to the affected components

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • vSphere Client

Objective 8.7 – Create and Respond to vCenter Utilization Alarms
Knowledge

  • List vCenter default utilization alarms
  • List possible actions for utilization alarms
  • For a given alarm, analyze and evaluate the affected virtual infrastructure resource
  • Create a vCenter utilization alarm
  • Relate the alarm to the affected resource

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • esxtop/resxtop
  • Performance Charts
  • vSphere Client

Objective 8.8 – Monitor vSphere ESX/ESXi and Virtual Machine Performance
Knowledge

  • Identify critical performance metrics (e.g., CPU ready, queue depth, etc.)
  • Explain memory metrics (ballooning, shared, etc.)
  • Explain CPU metrics (ready/wait time, etc.)
  • Explain network metrics (usage, packet drops, etc.)
  • Explain storage metrics (latency, queuing, etc.)
  • Compare and contrast Overview and Advanced Charts
  • Create an Advanced Chart
  • Determine host performance using guest Perfmon

Tools

  • Product documentation
  • esxtop/resxtop
  • Performance Charts
  • vSphere Client